In 2021, Qianjiang District, Chongqing City will focus on sericulture as an industry that consolidates the results of poverty alleviation and effectively connects rural revitalization, and achieved new results by expanding scale, increasing benefits, extending chains, and strengthening guarantees.
Expand scale. Three new towns and streets were added to develop sericulture, and 25 of the 30 towns and streets in the region planted mulberry and raised sericulture. 10,039 acres of newly planted mulberries were planted throughout the year, and the area of the district’s mulberry garden base expanded to 93,000 acres.
Increase yield. The “3+2” technical system and the “six modernizations and five supporting facilities” technical route and development route were promoted, technical training was carried out, and cocoon production per unit was increased. Zhangping’s cocoon production increased by 11.68% year-on-year. In particular, the average yield per unit area in Taiji Town reached 41.39 kilograms, a year-on-year increase of 12.84%.
Increase efficiency. Break through the price mechanism reform, based on the 2020 cocoon target price insurance, by inspecting the price mechanism in Sichuan and other places and negotiating with leading enterprises, establish a mulberry cocoon price pricing mechanism, implement the “purchase price + insurance income + production subsidy” policy, universal cocoon unit price The unit price of male cocoons reached 47 yuan/kg, and the unit price of male cocoons reached 50 yuan/kg. The purchase price of fresh cocoons increased by 30% year-on-year. The income of silkworm farmers increased by nearly 400 yuan per load of fresh cocoons. The use of price and insurance leverage protected the interests of silkworm farmers and protected the development of sericulture. Due to the enthusiasm of the industry, the cocoon sales of sericulture households increased by 8.5135 million yuan year-on-year, and the average income per household was 31,000 yuan, an increase of 13,300 yuan year-on-year, an increase of 42.9%. The region’s silkworm cocoon output has ranked first in the city for 11 consecutive years.
Extend the chain. Haitong Silk has been successfully put into production, providing employment to more than 400 people all year round; it has cultivated a number of enterprises such as Chongqing Hongfan Agriculture, Junhong Edible Fungus Farm, Chongqing Aoxiangqing Incense Candle Company, Chongqing Wuliutang Biotechnology Co., Ltd., and has initially formed cocoons, silk, The integrated development pattern of primary, secondary and tertiary industries such as mulberry food (mulberry mushroom, mulberry leaf noodles, mulberry tea, etc.), mulberry medicine, silkworm chrysalis high-protein food, and silk museum provides employment for nearly 3,000 people nearby all year round.
Strengthen protection. The district committee and district government have formulated support policies for the development of the sericulture industry to ensure the sustainable and healthy development of the sericulture industry in the district. Scientific and technological support capabilities have been continuously improved. The Cocoon and Silk Industry Academician Expert Workstation, the Mountain Characteristic Benefit Agricultural Sericulture Technology Promotion Experimental Station, and the Municipal Sericulture Academy Branch have been established in Qianjiang. The main bodies of the Shihui Mountain Intelligent Sericulture Factory and the Zhuoshui Paddy Field Intelligent Silkworm Co-breeding Factory have been completed. , cooperated with the national and municipal sericulture industry technology system, the municipal sericulture station and related leading enterprises to develop intelligent mountainous sericulture factories and overall technical solutions, and successfully tested 1-2-year-old artificial feed sericulture.
At the same time, relying on the “3+2” technical service system of the Qianjiang Branch of the Academy of Sericulture Science, the district sericulture management station, the township sericulture science and technology service station, the district sericulture company, and Haitong Silk Company, we are promoting mulberry and sericulture through science and technology. Provide strong protection.
Regional cooperation has become deeper and more solid. Actively integrate into the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle and Shandong-Chongqing Cooperation, sign strategic cooperation agreements on sericulture and silk industry with Nanchong and Gongxian respectively, introduce 3 high-level experts from Shandong Agricultural University, and use sericulture and silk cooperation as the entry point to promote comprehensive regional cooperation , integrate into the national development strategy, strive for better policy dividends and expand wider development space for the high-quality development of Qianjiang’s sericulture industry.