Denim (French: Denim), transliterated as tannin cloth, also known as indigo labor cloth, is a thicker yarn-dyed warp-face twill cotton cloth. The warp yarns are dark in color, usually indigo blue, and the weft yarns are light in color. It is usually light gray or boiled white yarn.
Denim was originally used as canvas. It started in the American West and got its name from the cattle ranchers who used it to make clothes. Later, in order to match different clothing, denim gradually took on a colorful world, with colors developing from vulcanized and indigo to light blue, black, white, colorful, etc.
The warp yarns of fabrics generally adopt a one-step dyeing process combined with size dyeing. The special numbers include 80tex (7-inch count), 58tex (10-inch count), 36tex (16-inch count), etc. The special numbers of weft yarns include 96tex (6 inches), 58tex (10 inches), 48tex (12 inches), etc. generally use variable twill, plain or crepe denim, and some gray fabrics are pre-shrunk. The shrinkage of denim is smaller than that of ordinary fabrics, and its texture is tight, thick, bright in color, and clear in texture.
Because of these unique and excellent characteristics of denim fabric, it has become an enduring fashion holy product in the clothing industry and is widely used in men’s and women’s jeans, denim tops, denim vests, denim skirts, etc.
Nowadays, as consumers increasingly tend to invest in classic items with multi-functional, high-quality and long-lasting charm, the entire clothing and consumer industry has increasingly higher requirements for denim fabrics.
Looking at the entire denim clothing market, how to produce fabrics that can adapt to different seasons, are healthy and environmentally friendly, will become the key driving force for denim items in the future.
Low consumption and environmentally friendly dyeing, environmentally friendly finishing technology, and “non-fading” denim fabrics have become the key development trends for denim fabrics for men and women. In addition to the demands for comfort and practicality, the concept of responsible environmental protection of denim fabrics will also become a top priority in future fabric research and development.