“This year, due to the introduction of technology from Shandong, the production of silkworm cocoons is much better than last year. One silkworm can spin eight to ninety pounds of cocoons. I have sold more than 40 pounds of mulberry trees and six silkworm sheds in my 110 acres. Ten thousand yuan, not bad!” On the morning of October 29, in the large mulberry field still green on the north side of Xing Village, Jiaocun Town, Ruzhou City, Henan Province, six white greenhouses were particularly conspicuous, and the last batch of silkworm cocoons were harvested. Ding Guangya, a wealthy farmer, said with a smile.
In order to improve silkworm breeding capabilities and ensure the quality of silkworm cocoons, Jiaocun Town not only hired expert guidance, but also invited experts from a silkworm breeding base in Junan County, Shandong Five technicians are assigned to each household to guide the breeding techniques and teach them step by step.
“The technical requirements for sericulture are high, but they can be summed up in eight words: disinfection, disease prevention, good mulberry production, and good food.” Villager Zhuang Yonggang said, Disinfection means using bleaching powder and lime to disinfect the sericulture room; disease prevention means using special anti-stiffening powder from sericulture technical experts; good mulberry means choosing good mulberry leaves and ensuring that there is no water or medicine on the mulberry leaves; Eat well, that is, add mulberry leaves every 2 to 3 hours. The whole body of silkworms is a treasure and does not pollute the environment. Silkworm feces can be used as medicine after treatment, while mulberry trees can absorb heavy metals in the soil. The leftover mulberry branches eaten by silkworms can also be broken into pieces for processing.
Up to now, the village has developed more than 30 sericulture households, planted more than 1,300 acres of high-quality mulberry, built 67 silkworm sheds, and created an annual benefit of 500 yuan. More than 10,000 yuan. According to Zhao Guocai, director of the Sericulture Office of Jiaocun Town, Jiaocun Town currently has 4,000 acres of standardized mulberry gardens, covering 10 villages including Xing Village and Jin Village, driving 107 sericulture households, and building 284 standardized sericulture greenhouses. Silkworms have begun to take shape, and we have successfully developed a series of sericulture products such as silk quilts, mulberry leaf tea, mulberry wine, mulberry vinegar, dried mulberries, mulberry eggs, mulberry leaf vegetables, mulberry leaf noodles, and edible silkworm pupae. From the sericulture industry, the villagers received land rent, planting and breeding income, working wages and dividends from shares, achieving the goal of “cultivating ten acres of mulberry every household, becoming rich and well-off”.